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January 26, 2022

Top 12 Cutting-Edge Web Development Trends in 2022

The complete guide on web development trends in 2022: What we'll see in the front end, back end, and technologies this year.

Mitya Smusin

Chief Executive Officer

The first web page went live in 1991, and with that launch, our lives were forever changed. Today, millions of people around the world spend hours surfing the Internet, earning money, spending money, finding their second halves, obtaining university degrees, watching movies, listening to music, probing conspiracy theories, and more. The list is practically endless. 

Web development evolved from simple web pages to complex websites that can immerse users in a given topic and create experiences that wouldn't be possible without the magic of computing. You might remember an iconic statement by Bill Gates: “If your business isn't on the Internet, then your business will be out of business." The impact that a web presence has on business performance is now absolutely clear, just as night follows day. A good website makes it possible for companies to attract customers, learn about their behavior, propose what they’re looking for, and, finally, earn money. However, not just any website is sufficient to benefit a business. In fact, a website that isn't user-friendly, is slow to load, or is unresponsive can mess up everything a company has tried so hard to achieve.  

“Citius, Altius, Fortius” (Latin for "Faster, Higher, Stronger") is the motto of the Olympic Games. “More dynamic, interactive and fast” is the web development credo in 2022. 

Let’s dive into the web development trends that will help set your site apart from the crowd. 

An overview of the emerging stats

The reason people love trend reports is that they make it possible to keep up with the fast-moving world of web development and understand what to expect. The team at Yellow has read through a stack of 2022 trend reports so you don’t have to. Of course, if you really want to do that, we can recommend Adobe, Google, Blue Corona, and SocPOB. What is now apparent, even in times of uncertainty, is that your website must be good-looking, fast, and mobile-friendly. Otherwise, visitors will leave. In the absence of customers, your business will starve. 

It takes a visitor approximately five seconds to form an opinion of a site, according to Google’s research. That’s why good, user-friendly design is so important. Blue Corona reports that 38% of visitors will stop engaging with a website if the content or layout is unattractive. You might think, “Well, 38% doesn’t sound that bad." Hold on. Almost 90% of consumers shop the competition after a poor user experience. (Web FX)

The following five eye-opening website statistics are worth keeping in mind:

  • 47% of users expect a maximum load time of two seconds for an average website. (Curatti)

  • Retailers lose $2.6 billion each year because of slow-loading websites. (Inside Design)

  • Thirty-one percent of all retail e-commerce was generated via mobile devices in 2021. (Statista)

  • Seventy-five percent of consumers admit to judging a company’s credibility based on its website design. (Kinesis)

  • A group of scientists from Northumbria University found that 46% of consumers in the study made their decisions regarding the credibility of websites on the basis of visual appeal and aesthetics.

All of this might give you an idea that great design, UX/UI, and responsiveness are important. They certainly are, but that's just the beginning. So, let's talk about the trends in regard to the front end, back end, technologies, and programmatic languages. 

Frontend development trends

The time when a front-end web developer only needed to know HTML, CSS, and JavaScript is long gone. So, the way to keep pace with a rapidly changing environment is to watch the latest front-end technologies.

In this part of the article, I’ll cover front-end development trends that will shape the industry in 2022 (and beyond). 

JavaScript (Yep, it still rocks.)

JavaScript is still the universal and the most popular programming language for website creation. Statista predicts that, as of 2021, JavaScript is at the top of the list of most frequently used programming languages worldwide with 65% of respondents stating they've used it in their work. Why is that so? 

  • It’s an object-based and dynamic language used both on the client side and the server side.

  • It’s supported by many browsers, such as Safari, Chrome, Firefox, and Internet Explorer.

  • Interactivity is excellent because JavaScript is a language that gives the web page its structure and style.

  • Many libraries and frameworks are available.

It's likely that JavaScript will remain popular for years. It will, however, have some modifications, as we'll see in the next section. 

Jamstack

In the JAMstack definition (which appeared in 2015), JAM stands for JavaScript, API, and Markup, but now "Jamstack" is widely used. This is how Mathias Biilmann, the CEO and co-founder of Netlify, defines the term: "It’s a web development infrastructure based on client-side JavaScript, reusable APIs, and prebuilt Markup."

The synergy among these three elements gives developers a simpler, faster, cheaper work experience. Moreover, Jamstack-based architecture makes websites more secure because there’s no need to worry about database or server protection. They're scalable, too. So, if a project goes viral, the content delivery network (CDN) will adapt. 

Headless Architecture for Content Management 

This type of content organization became popular once Netflix adopted it. To understand what it's about, let’s look at a traditional (or coupled) CMS. 

The use of a traditional approach in content management is like putting all content—images, videos, texts, and code—in a single box. It means the front end and back end are coupled together, making it very difficult to process content updates. 

People consume information via many devices simultaneously. So, imagine that a customer wants to buy baskets. He or she starts searching for them on the phone, then compares reviews on the desktop, and finally makes a purchase via a tablet. All of the content must look good on all of the devices involved, which is why headless architecture for content management is the way to go. It doesn’t make traditional CMS bad. It’s simply a fact that content consumption has evolved, and so has web development. 

The point in using headless CMS is to make content delivery fast and easy so that content creators don't need to dive into code. In a headless CMS, the front end and back end aren’t linked (decoupled), so they represent two different systems: One is responsible for content creation and storage, and the other is used to present it. Once the content is created, the headless architecture uses API to deliver it and make it look good on any device. 

We’ve created a comparison table that gives you an idea of why they differ. Otherwise, it would be cumbersome to describe each of the criteria.

CriterionTraditional CMSHeadless CMS
HostingIn-houseIn the cloud
Number of supported devicesLimitedUnlimited
UpdatesScheduledContinuous
WorkflowWaterfallAgile

The future of back-end development

The back-end must be secure, must react quickly to users’ requests, and must be easy to scale if needed. Let's examine each of the back-end technologies to trend in 2022 based on Yellow’s web development expertise

Python

Python developers are in high demand, and right now there are at least 51,000 Python developer jobs in the United States posted on LinkedIn. Indeed reports that the jobs requiring Python have increased by 26,275.00% since 2018. Huge companies like Google, Facebook, and Spotify rely on this programming language. Let’s look at some of the reasons for that. 

  • Compatibility with Artificial Intelligence (AI), Machine Learning (ML), Data Science, and Internet of Things (IoT)

  • Integration with other programming languages 

  • Availability of collections of libraries and frameworks

Cyber Security

It isn’t big news that companies take cyber security very seriously. Gartner, Inc. forecasts market growth all the way to $170B in 2022. Kent Walker, who is Google's senior vice president for global affairs and chief legal officer, said, “We'll invest $10 billion over the next five years to strengthen cybersecurity, including expanding zero-trust programs, helping secure the software supply chain, and enhancing open-source security.”

It still won't be enough just to invest millions in cyber security. It has more to do with how well companies (from startups to large operations) build safe, secure back-end architectures in order to prevent data loss and network intrusion. 

Database Options

Traditional SQL databases are still in use, but cloud-native ones are already available (like Google's BigQuery or DynamoDB, by AWS). In fact, there will be more options available for any given case:

  • RDBMS for transactional use cases with structured data

  • Wide-column database for low-latency, distributed database

  • Key-value store for distributed cache

  • Graph database for extremely relational data

  • Search engines for full-text and advanced search (e.g., location-based search)

  • Distributed SQL for low-latency, distributed databases with a transactional guarantee

  • OLAP database for data warehousing and analytics

The array of options effectively guarantees a match between a problem and the tools to quickly, fully resolve it. 

Latest technology trends in web development you need to look at in 2022

It's good to know you're about to read this chapter. We've covered front-end and back-end trends, so it will be great to talk about the technologies we’ll see in 2022. We bet you'll see them in different industries, including your own.  

Dark Mode

Facebook, Twitter, Instagram, Google, and Reddit have already adopted dark mode, and 95% of Polar users prefer dark over light mode even in the daytime. Why is that so? Dark mode offers key advantages:

  • It reduces blue light.

  • It saves battery life.

  • It makes UI content accessible and legible for everyone.

  • It limits the risk of eye strain even in low-light conditions.

This guy deserves every upvote in this world. We found him on Reddit.

Voice Search

The size of the Voice Assistant application market is expected to grow from $2.8 billion in 2021 to $11.2 billion by 2026, thanks to progress in voice-based AI technologies, the increasing use of voice-enabled devices, greater focus on customer engagement, and the emergence of low-code platforms for voice-assisted applications. It’s just easier and faster than typing a request, isn’t it?

Voice search offers advantages that benefit users and business owners alike:

  • It's time-saving. 

  • It allows extra time for surfing on a web page.

  • It gathers information about customers’ behavioral patterns.

AI x Chatbots

AI gets a lot of media attention, and you’ve probably seen or heard various reports on that subject. When you’re automatically tagged on someone’s Facebook photo or when you receive personalized recommendations on Netflix or Spotify, it means “a pinch of AI” was used to do it. AI helped Deep Blue beat Garry Kasparov, a chess grandmaster and one of the greatest players of all time, in the iconic Deep Blue vs. Garry Kasparov chess battle of 1997. How, though, can AI benefit your company? Let's get down to business. 

AI gets smarter with each new day, and that growing prowess makes interaction with chatbots a pleasant, entertaining experience for customers and clients. AI-powered chatbots also serve businesses by collecting data and learning from interaction with customers. They even have 24/7 problem-solving capability, which can save companies the cost of hiring support managers. (That doesn't mean replacing a majority of them, but it simply means the support teams can deal with more complicated issues.)

If you want to know more about chatbots, read this article about the various types and how to build them from scratch.

Motion UI

The result of this technology can, if it's expertly designed and implemented, provide the visual appeal that really grabs users' attention. More importantly, motion UI helps communicate a sequence, next step, transition, or action for a digital product. In the process, it directs the user’s attention to the exact areas of hierarchy on a web page. The first websites with motion UI elements appeared in 2015. They're still relatively rare in 2022, so this might be the way to get ahead of the pack.

Progressive Web Applications (PWAs)

A PWA is basically a website that looks like an app. Examples include Tinder, Pinterest, YouTube Music, and Trivago Hotel Booking. They're built with HTML, CSS, JavaScript, and WebAssembly, and they're delivered via the web. PWAs are intended to work on any platform that uses a standards-compliant browser, whether it's a desktop computer or a mobile device. PWAs can do most things that native apps can do: 

  • They can operate offline.

  • They can use hardware features, such as by accessing your camera and microphone or even GPS.

  • They install reliably for the owner, and they load quickly for the visitor.

AR x VR for enhanced UX

Statista predicts that the global market for AR, VR, and MR will grow from $30.7 billion to $300 billion by 2024. After all, it has penetrated our lives already. Think of all the filters and cute masks you see on Instagram and Snapchat. Augmented reality (AR) makes them possible. 

Business owners from the manufacturing, tourism, architecture, and beauty sectors can benefit from these technologies, which enhance the customer's experience and help establish an emotional bond with the product or service. Take Ikea as an example: the technology lets you virtually place true-to-scale 3D models in your very own space. Or Wanna Kicks that allows you virtually wear your chosen footwear. Those are mobile apps but the technology can be implemented into your websites. 

Trending web development programming languages 

JavaScript and Python remain the most popular programming languages for the front end and back end. In this chapter, we'll discuss development language trends and what one can expect to be used in 2022. 

  • Express.js

This is a free, open-source web application framework for Node.js. We love Express.js because it helps build beautiful web applications fast and easily. 

  • NestJs

Inspired by Angular, this framework is widely used for web application design. Scalability is a particular benefit.

  • Next.js

We at Yellow Systems are big fans of Next.js. It lets us deliver the highly scalable, data-intensive, real-time backend services needed to power fast, responsive websites and apps. 

  • Nuxt.js

Nuxt is inspired by Next.js, which is in turn inspired by React.js. It's a great way to manage complicated aspects such as asynchronous data, middleware, and routing. It’s also extremely helpful if SEO is a must for the design of a website because Nuxt.js optimization makes it easy to generate a number of SEO-friendly HTML pages.

Summary 

The first web page was created more than 30 years ago, and that's a very long time in the context of IT. In 2022, the industry will continue to grow as more businesses realize they’ve made a huge mistake by not going online. 

Every business needs a website. Assuming that many of them have something unique to offer, their websites could be unique even in highly competitive niches. Thankfully, the industry offers many ways to achieve that uniqueness. From frameworks to design trends, you can choose the right tools to create a web page that will engage users, immerse them in your topic and drive sales. 

🌐 What suits my project best?

The answer depends on your project’s requirements. Honestly, there are plenty of options that will match your desires and requirements in the creation of a digital presence. However, the choice of programming languages will be influenced by trends. JavaScript is the most popular language for the frontend, and Python is widely employed as the means to build the backend.

🌐 Are AR, VR and AI talked about too much?

No, they aren’t. Developers continue to use and grow those technologies, and the market is booming.

🌐 What are the most important factors to consider when building a website in 2022?

Regardless of your niche, your website must be fast, responsive, and beautifully designed. Otherwise, users will leave with very little hope of returning.

🌐 How can I keep up with the industry trends?

We recommend reading Google’s trend reports as well as articles and digests by Statista, Adobe, Google, Blue Corona, and SocPOB.

Tags
Web development
JavaScript
Headless CMS

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